Biofuels & Bioenergy 2019
EuroSciCon warmly welcomes to all the experts in the field of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering to attend its upcoming conference on Biofuel & Bioenergy, to be held during November 04-05, 2019, Dubai, UAE. The Conference is based on the Theme - global methods &Technologies in Biofuels & Bioenergies. Bioenergy 2019 Conference will make the perfect platform for global networking as it brings all together speakers, renowned speakers, business persons, CEO ’s, across the globe to a most exciting and memorable event , with interactive sessions, poster presentation, world-class exhibition. Advances in the field of Construction and Structures are one of the crucial factors in the economic powers of the developed countries and developing countries.
This is 3-days Meeting and you can participate in a number of educational formats including General Sessions, Poster Presentations, and Workshops/Symposium, Meet-the-Professor Sessions, Oral Presentations and other interactive and informal exchanges.
We hope you to see in Biofuels and Bioenergy Conference 2019 in Dubai.
EuroSciCon organizes International Chemical Engineering Meetings annually across Europe, Austria, Ireland, Germany, France, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Finland, Luxembourg, Hungary, Italy, Norway, Poland, Denmark, Macedonia, Greece, Portugal, Romania, Czech Republic, Switzerland, United Kingdom, Belgium, Scotland, Latvia, Ukraine, Sweden, Denmark, Spain, Netherlands Russia, Bulgaria, France, with solitary subject of quickening logical revelations.
Who should attend?
Engineers who are specialized on the specific fields like Chemical engineers, Energy Engineers, Mechanical Engineers (To Present Their case reports and to update their Knowledge at the conference), Chemical industry professionals, Chemistry people, Biotechnology Engineers, Environmental engineers who are related to that topics. Petrochemical Industries, Renewable Energy Industries, Software Publishing Houses specializing in chemical Equipment Design software’s are the Potential Exhibitors for the Respective Conferences. Chemical Engineering associations, Institutions of Chemical Engineering , Institutions of Fluid Engineers; Students and Delegates in related areas.
Why to attend??
With members from around the world focused on the field of Chemical Engineering; this is your single best opportunity to reach the largest assemblage of participants from the global Chemical Engineering Industries. Conduct demonstrations, distribute information, meet with current and potential Chemical traders, make a splash with a new product line, and receive name recognition at this 2-days event. World-renowned speakers, the most recent techniques, tactics, and the newest updates in Chemical Engineering fields are hallmarks of this conference. The conference brings together experts, researchers, scholars and students from all areas of Chemical Engineering, Biotechnology, Environmental Engineering, Geo-Technical, Chemistry, Fluid Mechanics and other related areas, Chemical associations, Chemical traders, renewable energy Researchers, food technology( topics related to Oil technology).
Sessions and Tracks
Bioenergy is renewable energy made available from materials obtained from the natural beginning. Biomass is any natural issue which has kept sunlight as concoction energy. As a fuel it might contain wood, straw, wood squander, sugarcane, compost, and numerous other results from various farming procedures. In its most select since it is an equivalent word to biofuel, which is fuel gotten from organic sources. In its more extensive sense, it incorporates biomass, the organic issue used as a biofuel, and in addition the social, logical, financial and specialized fields related to using natural hotspots for energy. This is a typical doubt, as bioenergy is the energy developed from the biomass, as the biomass is the fuel and the bioenergy is the energy put away in the fuel.
- Solid biomass
- Sewage biomass
- Electricity generation from biomass
- Electricity from electrogenic micro-organisms
- Environmental impact
A biofuel is a fuel that is created through contemporary natural processes. It can be gotten specifically from plants, or by implication from farming, business, household, and additionally mechanical squanders. Renewable biofuels, by and large, include contemporary carbon obsession, for example, those that happen in plants or microalgae through the procedure of photosynthesis. First generation biofuels are handled from the sugars and vegetable oils framed in arable harvests, which can be easily removed applying traditional innovation. In correlation, progressed biofuels are produced using lignocellulose tic biomass or woody harvests, agrarian build-ups or waste, which makes it harder to separate the essential fuel.
Algae fuel or algal biofuel is a substitute to fluid petroleum products that uses algae as its wellspring of vitality rich oils. Likewise, algae powers are a substitute to basic known biofuel sources, for example, corn and sugarcane. Different organizations and government offices are supporting endeavors to decrease capital and working expenses and influence algae to fuel creation financially achievable. Like non-renewable energy source, algae fuel discharges CO2 when copied, yet not at all like a petroleum product, algae fuel, and different biofuels just discharge CO2 as of late pulled back from the atmosphere by means of photosynthesis as the algae or plant developed.
Biodiesel shows an animal fat-based or vegetable oil diesel fuel involving long-chain alkyl (methyl, ethyl, or propyl) esters. Biodiesel is generally made by synthetically responding lipids (e.g., soybean oil, vegetable oil, the creature (fat)) with an alcohol producing unsaturated fat esters. Biodiesel is recommended to be used in standard diesel motors and is in this way all around characterized from the vegetable and waste oils used to work fuel changed over diesel motors. Biodiesel can be utilized independently, or mixed with petrodiesel in any extents. Biodiesel mixes can likewise be used as heating oil.
Biomass is organic matter removed from living, or as of late living organisms. Biomass can be used as a wellspring of energy and it frequently coordinates to plants or plant-based issue which are not utilized for sustenance or bolster, and are absolutely called lignocellulosic biomass. As an energy source, biomass can either be utilized straightforwardly by means of ignition to deliver warm or optionally in the wake of changing it to various types of biofuel. Transformation of biomass to biofuel can be achieved by different techniques which are for the most part arranged into thermal, chemical, and biochemical methods. Biomass can be changed over to other user types of energy like methane gas or transportation powers like ethanol and biodiesel. Spoiling trash, and farming and human waste, all discharge methane gas, likewise called landfill gas or biogas.
- Biomass feedstocks
- Thermal conversions
- Biochemical conversion
- Electrochemical conversion
- Environmental impact
Biogas ordinarily alludes to a blend of various gases delivered by the breakdown of the organic issue without oxygen. Biogas can be delivered from crude materials, for example, agrarian waste, compost, city squander, plant material, sewage, green waste or nourishment squander. Biogas is a renewable energy source. Biogas can be delivered by anaerobic assimilation with methanogen or anaerobic creatures, which process material inside a shut framework or fermentation of biodegradable materials. Biogas is basically methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) and may have little measures of hydrogen sulfide (H2S), dampness and siloxanes. The gases methane, hydrogen, and carbon monoxide (CO) can be combusted or oxidized with oxygen. This energy discharge permits biogas to be utilized as a fuel; it can be utilized for any heating reason, for example, cooking.
A biorefinery is an inside that merges biomass transformation procedures and gear to produce fuels, power, heat, and chemicals from biomass. The biorefinery idea is parallel to the present oil refinery, which makes different fuels and items from oil. Biorefining is the maintainable change of biomass into a range of bio-based items and bioenergy. By delivering different items, a biorefinery exploits the different parts in biomass and their intermediates along these lines expanding the esteem obtained from the biomass feedstock
- Classification of biorefinery systems
- Manufacture of chemicals in a biorefinery
- Biorefineries-possible synthetic routes
- Future Perspectives
- An analogy with oil refineries
Aviation biofuel is a biofuel used for aircraft. It is figured by some to be the foremost means by which the aviation business can decrease its carbon impression. Following a multi-year specialized investigation from aircraft producers, motor makers, and oil organizations, biofuels were upheld for commercial use in July 2011. From that point forward, a few aircraft have assessed with utilizing biofuels on commercial flights. The spotlight of the business has now bent to cutting edge practical biofuels (second era manageable aviation energizes) that don't rival nourishment supplies nor are significant shoppers of prime rural land or crisp water.
- The rationale for aviation biofuels
- Production routes and sources
- Industry commitments and collaborations
- Environmental effects
As of now utilized fluid biofuels, which incorporate ethanol delivered from crops containing sugar and starch and biodiesel from oilseeds, are alluded to as original biofuels. These fuels just utilize a segment of the vitality possibly accessible in the biomass. Different methods are as of now being created to deliver biofuels. Nonetheless, it is indeterminate when such advancements will enter creation on a huge business scale. The generation of Biofuels should be possible from Biomass, Biodiesel from Biomass, and Biochemical from Biomass and Biogas from Biomass.
- Debates regarding the production and use of biofuel
- Greenhouse gas emissions
- Current research
Naturally integrated alcohols, most much of the time ethanol, and seldom propanol and butanol, are framed by the reaction of microorganisms and catalysts through the fermentation of sugars or starches, or cellulose. Biobutanol (additionally called biogasoline) is frequently stated to give an immediate remain into gasoline since it can be utilized unequivocally in a gasoline motor. Ethanol fuel is the most generally utilized biofuel around the world. Alcohol energizes are framed by fermentation of sugars got from wheat, sugar beets, corn, molasses, sugar stick and any sugar or starch from which alcoholic mixers, for example, bourbon, can be delivered, (for example, potato and natural product squander, and so forth.).
- Use of alcohols in IC engines
- Benefits of Bioethanol
- Bioethanol Production
- Biochemical production of bioalcohol
- Reduced petroleum imports and costs
- Replacement cooking fuel
Biohydrogen is depicted as hydrogen created organically, frequently by green growth, microbes, and archaea. Biohydrogen is a potential biofuel achievable from both developments and from squandering organic materials. As of late, there is an immense interest for hydrogen. There is no record of the creation volume and utilization of hydrogen around the world, however, usage of hydrogen was anticipated to have achieved 900 billion cubic meters in 2011. Refineries are vast volume makers and shoppers of hydrogen. Today 96% of all hydrogen is separated from non-renewable energy sources, with 48% from gaseous petrol, 30% from hydrocarbons, 18% from coal and around 4% by electrolysis. Oil-sands handling, gas-to-fluids, and coal gasification extend that are existing, require an immense measure of hydrogen and is attempted to raise the necessity prominently inside the following couple of years. Natural directions managed in many nations, increment the hydrogen request at refineries for gas-line and diesel desulfurization.
- Biochemical principles
- Production by algae
- Photobiological Hydrogen Production
- Industrial hydrogen
- Biohydrogen sanitization
A few advancements for changing over bioenergy are business today while others are being steered or in innovative work. There are four sorts of transformation advances as of now accessible, each fitting for particular biomass writes and bringing about particular vitality items, for example, Thermal Conversion, Thermochemical change, Biochemical change, Chemical transformation. The BiomassTechnologies incorporate Liquid Biofuels from Biomass and Cellulosic Ethanol from Biomass.
- Converting biomass into liquid
- Converting biomass into chemicals
- Environmental impact
- Cellulose from biomass
Renewable energy will be energy that is gathered from renewable assets, which are naturally recharged on a human timescale, for example, daylight, wind, rain, tides, waves, and geothermal heat. Renewable energy assets and huge open doors for energy proficiency exist over wide topographical regions, as opposed to other energy sources, which are moved in a predetermined number of nations, where energy is regularly pivotal in human improvement. Power can be changed over to heat (where important creating higher temperatures than fossil fuels), can be changed over into mechanical energy with high effectiveness and is perfect at the purpose of utilization.
- Mainstream technologies
- Market and industry trends
- Emerging technologies
- Environmental impact
Biomass is the organic matter got from plants which are created through photosynthesis. Specifically, it can allude to sun based vitality put away in the compound obligations of the natural material. Notwithstanding numerous advantages regular to a sustainable power source, biomass is alluring in light of the fact that it is the present inexhaustible wellspring of fluid transportation of biofuel. The Bioenergy Conference and Biofuel Conferences will upgrade and improve existing frameworks. Be that as it may, biomass could play in reacting to the country's vitality requests expecting, the financial and advances in transformation advances will make biomass fuels and items all the more monetarily feasible? The sustainable power source arrangements in the European Union have just prompted a huge advance, vitality blend should additionally change till 2020
Green chemistry is an area of chemistry and chemical engineering focused on the creating and designing of products and processes that minimize the use and generation of hazardous chemicals.it still maintains economic growth and opportunities while providing affordable products and services to a growing world population and reduce the pollution levels as well by promoting a green, safe and friendly environment.
Food versus fuel is the predicament with respect to the danger of diverting farmland or crops for biofuels generation to the disadvantage of the food supply. The biofuel and food value face off regarding concerns boundless perspectives and is a withstanding, disputable one in the writing. There is contention about the feeling of the issue, what is making it, and what can or ought to be rendered to cure the circumstance. This complexity and vulnerability are because of the wide number of blackout and feedback circles that can decidedly or contrarily influence the value framework. Besides, the relative qualities of these positive and negative effects change in the short and long terms and involve postponed impacts. The scholastic side of the level headed discussion is likewise clouded by the materialness of various monetary models and contending types of factual examination.
- Food price inflation
- Proposed causes
- Sustainable production of biofuels
- Impact on developing countries
- Controversy within the international system
These advancements would then be able to be trailed by a variety of optional medicines (adjustment, updating, refining) contingent upon explicit last items. The wide scope of biomass sources accessible in nature incorporates feedstock portrayed by various synthetic syntheses, physical status, danger and vitality content. The feedstock quality speaks to a pertinent viewpoint impacting the choice on the most reasonable valorization innovation to be embraced. Specifically, in spite of the vitality recuperation productivity ought to speak to the key driver for the decision, financial intensity and market opportunity assume the primary job towards the business advancement of new advances and procedures.
- Direct combustion (for power)
- Anaerobic digestion (for methane-rich gas)
- Fermentation (of sugars for alcohols
- Oil exaction (for biodiesel)
- Pyrolysis (for biochar, gas, and oils)
Biomass is pre-treated and afterward changed to union gas by means of gasification. The subsequent syngas is then cleaned starter to change to fluid biofuels, normally by means of Fischer Tropsch or the Mobil procedure. There are two fundamental biomass-based fluid fuels in the commercial center today, ethanol and biodiesel. Exactly 20 Mm 3 y - 1 of ethanol is created with a vitality substance of 425 PJ, producing this the second most critical biofuel. A lot of little measure of biodiesel is utilized in the USA and Europe. By and large, a huge amount of stick creates somewhere in the range of 125 and 140 kg of crude sugar, or somewhere in the range of 70 and 80 liters of ethanol, despite the fact that a huge amount of maize, with about 70% to 75% starch content, will deliver somewhere in the range of 440 and 460 L t - 1 with wet and dry corn smashing, individually.
- Trending Research from Biomass
- Jet fuel for Heavy Machines from Biomass
- Liquid Biofuels from Biomass
- Cellulosic Ethanol from Biomass
Wind vitality improvement has developed quickly from recent years so as to address the issues of individuals as an elective wellspring of vitality. Prevalently, the creation of biomass vitality from different transforms strategies is imagined and created. Biomass change is the way toward changing biomass feedstock into the vitality that can be pre-claimed to produce warmth and power. Bioenergy can be changed into power through thermo-compound cycles, for example, burning, gasification, and pyrolysis or bio-synthetic activities like anaerobic absorption. Inexhaustible innovations have made up to 7% of the power produced in 2010-this will emerge as the UK plans to meet its EU focus of creating 30% of its power from sustainable sources by 2020.
- Combustion and Co-firing
- Chemical conversion from oil-bearing crops
- Latest Conversion Technologies in Biomass
- Biomass for Electricity Generation
Rural biomass which could be pre-possessed for vitality creation is characterized as biomass deposits from field farming harvests and biomass from the corresponding of the preparing of horticultural items. In the most recent decade, the interest for vitality wood in Europe expanded and specialists foresee a further increment in future due to socio-political changes. The biggest inexhaustible fuel utilized in Europe is wood which can be utilized in non-indistinguishable structures from sticks to pellets to sawdust. In certain nations, similar to Poland and Finland, wood meets over 80% of sustainable power source request. Europe devoured 13m huge amounts of wood pellets in 2012, comparing to International Wood Markets Group, a Canadian organization. Biomass from Animal Matter.
- Biomass from Organic Waste
- Biomass from Agricultural Residues
- Sugar Pellets
- Industrial Wastes and Co-Products
- Energy Wood in Europe and other Countries
Creation of vitality yields could conceivably go after land with nourishment editing as interest for biomass increments. Biomass clients might be secured long haul supply contracts with a solitary provider making it hard to get focused estimating later on. Elective effects are like those shrouded in the District Heating and Combined Heat and Power pages. The non-ruinous pilot advertise is evaluated to be esteemed at USD 12.98 Billion out of 2015 and is anticipated to outstretch USD 18.88 Billion by 2020, at a CAGR of 7.78% from 2014 to 2020.
Renewable energy Market and recent trends
As indicated by a 2011 projection by the International Energy Agency, Solar power generators may deliver a large portion of the world's Electricity within 50 years, reducing the emissions of greenhouse gases that harm the environment. Cedric Philibert, senior investigator in the renewable energy division at the IEA stated: "Photovoltaic and Solar thermal-plants may meet a large portion of the world's interest for Electrcity by 2060 – and half of all Energy needs – with wind, hydropower and biomass plants providing a significant part of the rest of the age". "Photovoltaic and concentrated sunlight based power together can turn into the significant wellspring of power", Philibert said.
Capital speculation and innovation know-how are relied upon to be the key parameters for the business players to set up themselves in the business. The market is very divided inferable from the nearness of numerous providers. In any case, the request supply hole inferable from lacking generation limits and wide extension for R&D in the feedstock choice for the item fabricating is normal open doors for new industry players.
U.S. vegetable oil biodiesel market revenue by product 2014 - 2025 (USD Million)
Vegetable oil was the most preferable source for biodiesel production in the U.S., wherein soybean dominated the industry owing to high production volumes in the region. Initiatives taken by the U.S. government to promote biofuel in order to lower VOC emissions and dependency on crude oil is likely to drive growth.
The processing cost of vegetable oils based biodiesel is relatively lowers as compared to animal fat owing to easy manufacturing process, abundant raw material availability and high oil yield. However, the biodiesel prices do not vary significantly across the globe, as the manufacturers in different region, use different feedstock, which is easily available in the market.
Report Coverage & Deliverables
PDF report & online dashboard will help you understand:
- Competitive benchmarking
- Market forecasts
- Company market shares
- Market opportunities
- Latest trends & dynamics
Vegetable oil dominated the industry accounting for 90.9% of the overall feedstock consumption for biodiesel production owing to technology know how by majority of the manufacturers and high oil yields offered by these products. Soybean oil, canola oil, and corn oil are the major feedstock used for the production of biofuel. However, the selection of raw material varies dramatically from region to region based on the raw material availability and cost associated with this feedstock.
Biodiesel market revenue, by feedstock, 2016 (%)
The demand for gasification as a substitute for clean energy supply is growing constantly with its increased acceptance. The gasification process has found increased application in the municipal sector as well as the industrial sectors of oil and gas, chemicals, power, and others.
The demand for gasification has been estimated from the demand side in terms of volume (in MW). The report also discusses the drivers, restraints, and opportunities of the market which is directly dependent on the global gasification market. The report also tracks the activities of dominant market players and the strategies adopted by them through their contract agreements, new launches, expansions, joint ventures and others which include achievements and mergers & acquisitions.
Global Gasification Market Size, by Geography (MW)
The above figure shows the gasification market size (in MW) for various geographies for 2012 and 2019. Asia-Pacific market is the most dominant with the largest market share at present.
Major players in gasification are Royal Dutch Shell (The Netherlands), General Electric (GE)(U.S.), Air Liquide (France) and SEDIN Engineering Company Limited (China), who enjoy dominant positions in the market.
In order to get an in-depth understanding of the competition in the market, the report gives a detailed profile of ten key players in the market. The segmentation adopted for the gasification market in the report is as follows:
- Natural Gas
- Middle East & Africa
- North America
- South America
- Liquid Fuels
- Gas Fuels
By Gasifier type
- Moving/Fixed Bed
- Fluidized Bed
- Others (Plasma, FCC-Fluid Catalytic Cracking )
Chemical Engineering Universities in Europe
University of Cambridge| University of Oxford| Imperial College London| ETH Zurich – Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich| Wageningen University & Research| University of Edinburgh| Karolinska Institute| King’s College London| École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne| Heidelberg University| Uppsala University| LMU Munich| Technical University of Munich| Ghent University| Lund University| University of Glasgow| Humboldt University of Berlin| University of Manchester| Pierre and Marie Curie University| University of Dundee| Utrecht University| University of Göttingen| University of Geneva| KU Leuven| University of Helsinki| University of Tübingen| Stockholm University| University of Lausanne| University of Zurich| University of Freiburg| University of St Andrews| Paris Sciences et Lettres – PSL Research University Paris| University of Bristol| Trinity College Dublin| University of Groningen| University of Aberdeen| University of Bonn| University of Exeter| Aarhus University| Free University of Berlin| University of East Anglia| University of Leeds| University of Basel| Newcastle University| University of Vienna|
Chemical Engineering Universities in USA
Harvard University| Stanford University| Massachusetts Institute of Technology| Johns Hopkins University| Princeton University| California Institute of Technology| Yale University| University of Chicago| University of California, San Diego| Cornell University| Columbia University| Duke University| University of Pennsylvania| University of California, Berkeley| University of California, Los Angeles| University of Michigan| University of California, Davis| Washington University in St Louis| University of Wisconsin-Madison| Northwestern University| Emory University| University of Minnesota| University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill| University of Texas at Austin| University of California, Santa Barbara| University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign| University of Colorado Boulder| Pennsylvania State University| Michigan State University| Vanderbilt University| University of Maryland, College Park| University of California, Riverside| Arizona State University| Brown University|
Chemical Engineering Universities in Asia
The University of Tokyo|National University of Singapore (NUS)| Kyoto University|University of Hong Kong (HKU)| Peking University| Seoul National University (SNU)| National Taiwan University (NTU)| Osaka University| Tsinghua University| The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK)| Fudan University| The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST)| Taipei Medical University|Mahidol University| KAIST – Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology| Yonsei University| Shanghai Jiao Tong University| Nanyang Technological University (NTU)| Chulalongkorn University| Tohoku University| Tokyo Medical and Dental University| Kyushu University|Nagoya University| Hokkaido University| Sungkyunkwan University| University of Science and Technology of China| Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH)| Korea University| Universiti Malaya (UM)| Zhejiang University| Keio University| Indian Institute of Science| Tokyo Institute of Technology| Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)| Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)| Beijing University of Chinese Medicine| National Tsing Hua University| Nanjing University| Kyung Hee University| National Yang Ming University| University of Indonesia| University of the Philippines| University of Tsukuba| Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB)| Hanyang University| Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IITB)| National Cheng Kung University| Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)| Beijing Institute of Technology| University of Delhi|
Top companies associated with Bio Fuels
- POET-DSM Advanced Biofuels
- Beta Renewables / Chemtex
- Abengoa Bioenergy
- Renewable Energy Group
- Sapphire Energy
- CoolPlanet Energy Systems
- BP Biofuels
- Green Plains Renewable Energy
- Chemical Engineers
- Chemistry people
- Biotechnology engineers
- Mechanical/ Energy engineers
- Environmental engineers
- Food technology people
- Chemical Industries
- Renewable energy industries
- Biotechnology Industries
List of Notable Energy Organisations
- Danish Organisation for Renewable Energy(OVE)
- Environmental and Energy Study Institute
- European Renewable Energy Council
- International Network for Sustainable Energy(INFORSE)
- International Renewable Energy Agency(IRENA)
- Biomass Thermal Energy Council(BTEC)
- International Solar Energy Society.
- Global Wind Energy Council.
- Trans-Mediterranean Renewable Energy Cooperation.
- 2nd World Bioenergy Congress And Expo, June 13-14, 2016, Rome, Italy
- 4th annual congress and expo on biofuels and bioenergy, april 27-28, 2017, Dubai, UAE.
- 5th world bioenergy congress and expo, june 29-30 2017, Madrid, Spain.
- 6th world congress on biofuels and bioenergy, sep 5-6, 2017, London, UK
- 7th international congress on biofuels and bioenergy october2-4, 2017,Toronto, Canada
- 9th annual congress on biofuels and bioenergy April 16-17, 2018, Dubai, UAE.
- 11th world bioenergy congress and expo, July 02-04, 2018, Berlin, Germany.
- 12th world congress on biofuels and bioenergy, September 04-06, 2018, Zurich, Switzerland.
Top Journals on Biofuels
Bioresource Technol| Biomass Bioenerg| J Am Oil Chem Soc| Fuel| Environ Sci Technol| Atmos Environ| Energ Fuel| J Power Sources| Energ Convers Manage| Energ Policy| Prog Energ Combust| Renew Energ| Fuel Process Technol| Renew Sust Energ Rev| Ind Eng Chem Res| Process Biochem| Biosens Bioelectron| Appl Catal A-Gen| Energ Source| Energy| Combust Flame| Chem Mater| Mrs Bull| Biosens Bioelectron| Climatic Change|
Biodiesel| Energy demand| Microalgae|Advanced biofuels|Drop-in fuel|Deoxygenation| Electro-biofuel| Biomaterials| Neem|Jatropha| Ethanol| Biofuels| Hydrothermal carbonization| Coupling washing with torrefaction| Bamboo| Anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria| Photosynthetic microbial fuel cell| Bioelectricity| Light source| Self-sustaining| biogas| bioenergy| renewable energy| Biogas upgrading| Methanation| Biogas utilization| Biogas purification| Biomethane| Hydrogenation| Bioenergy technlogies| Geographical information system (GIS)| Grass| Manure| Straw| Sustainable biomass| Anaerobic digestion| Decentralised biogas systems| Biogas pipeline| Biogas grid| Green gas hub| Decentralised biogas systems| Biogas engine| Biogas engine emissions| Biogas architecture| Biogas desulfurization| Gas upgrading| Biomass ash valorization| Economic assessment| Ash carbonation| Leaching| Biotechnology| Green chemistry| Biopolymers| Organic synthesis| Lignocellulose| Chemocatalysis| Biocatalysis| Sustainability| Biodiesel fuel| Castor oil| Transesterification| Gas chromatography| Diesel engine| Biodiesel| Butanol| Ethanol| Emissions| K-Biodiesel| Physicochemical properties| Combustion analysis| Emission analysis| Antioxidant| Biodiesel| Oxidative stability| Rancimat method| Scheffé polynomial| Nanocatalyst| Regeneration| Renewable energy| Hydropower| Desalination| Ocean renewable energy| Marine renewable energy| Wave energy| Tidal energy| Blue economy| Bioethanol| Geothermal heat| Hydrogen| Ocean energy technology| Solar energy|Wind energy|